Stinging or biting insects can be hazardous to Ohio State University employees who predominantly work outdoors. Some of these stinging or biting insects include bees, wasps, hornets, fire ants, and spiders. Some examples of outdoor workers at risk of exposure to insects include groundskeepers, agricultural workers, construction/maintenance workers, painters, roofers, and any other workers who spend time outside. The health effects of stinging or biting insects range from mild discomfort or pain to lethal reaction for individuals that are allergic to the insect’s venom. Anaphylactic shock is the body’s severe allergic reaction to a bite or sting and requires immediate emergency care. Thousands of people are injured by insects every year, and as many as 100 people in the United States alone die as a result of allergic reactions.