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Job Hazard Analysis

Job Hazard Analysis
Safety hazards are present in every workplace. To properly identify hazards and protect workers from them, a Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) should be performed. A proper JHA involves reviewing each task performed to determine where hazards exist; providing recommendations for hazard elimination/protection; and identifying appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and training to inform employees of appropriate safety standards and precautions.

Administrative and/or engineering controls should be the first line of defense when protecting employees. PPE should be used when administrative and/or engineering controls are not sufficient to control exposure to the hazard(s).

Examples of recognized hazards include, but are not limited to, chemical exposures; radiological exposures; sharp objects; excessive noise; heavy objects; fall hazards; flying debris; overhead hazards; laser energy or other non-ionizing radiation; or any other hazard which may cause injury; illness; or impairment by inhalation, absorption, ingestion, injection or mechanical action.

Supervisors are responsible for ensuring their employees have the appropriate training and safety equipment before assigning hazardous job duties. Supervisors shall ensure the development of JHAs; however, the JHA forms shall be reviewed by workers performing the hazardous job duties for feedback and suggestions. Often times, employees who routinely utilize equipment and/or perform specific job tasks are better able to identify certain hazards associated with the work, so it is critical that those individuals be involved in the JHA development process:

Below are examples of JHAs based on job classifications:

Administrative ProfessionalAir Quality Technician
Animal Care TechnicianAthletic Aide
Athletic TrainerBuilding Maintenance Worker
CarpenterConstruction Technician
CustodianDock Worker
ElectricianEngineer
Facility ManagerFaculty Member
GroundskeeperHuman Resources
Inventory ClerkLaboratory Teaching Assistant
Laboratory WorkerLocksmith
MasonMechanic
Metal WorkerNurse
Office WorkerPainter
PhysicianPlumber
Police Officer/First ResponderProject Manager
ResearcherRoofer
Steam Plant/Tunnel WorkerWelder
Zone Leader


Supervisors can use the Create a JHA Tool to develop specific JHAs or for job classifications not listed above.

Supervisors are responsible for ensuring that the appropriate safety training is provided on specific hazards in the workplace.